The importance of water to life cannot be overemphasized. However, the resource remains scarce adequate quality and quantity. This scarcity increases with population growth. This study investigated the occurrence of water related diseases within Oluyole Local. The relationship between these diseases and annual rainfall depth was studied. The socio economic effects of water scarcity were identified. 13.2% of the estimated population of 289, 302 reported malaria and Diarrhoea to hospitals within the local Government during the year 2017 without considering those who resorted to self medications. Regression analysis showed a fairly linear relationship between malaria and rainfall depth. The equation relating them is Y = 64.45 + 0.107X with a correlation coefficient of 0.231. Water related diseases were noticed to be common during wet season than dry season. Disallowing depression storages after rainfall events as well as a comprehensive research on runoff harvesting and treatment technology were recommended to combat water scarcity and diseases.
Water, Water Scarcity, Water Related Diseases, Water.